Title: Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices Among Parents in India Regarding Early-Childhood-Caries(ECC)
Gagan preet (Presenter)
MMCDSR, Mullana, Ambala
Ankita Piplani, Postgraduate Institute of Dental Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India
Manjunath BC, Postgraduate Institute of Dental Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India
Adarsh Kumar, Postgraduate Institute of Dental Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India
Objectives: 1. To assess the Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) regarding Early-Childhood-Caries among parents of 3 to 5 years old preschool children in Rohtak city, Haryana, India
2. To correlate the relationship of KAP of Parents with dental caries experience among preschool children.
Methods: A pilot-tested questionnaire consisting of 31 items was used in the study. 9 preschools were selected by simple random sampling procedure in which every even roll numbered child was selected by systematic random sampling. The total sample size consisted of 375 among which 55.5% were boys and 44.5% were girls with the mean age of 4.076±0.79 years. The parents completed the questionnaire and gave informed consent for conduction of examination. The dental caries was estimated by modified WHO oral health assessment form. The data were analyzed with SPSS 21. Mann Whitney test, Kruskal Wallis test, and Chi-square test were used to analyze continuous and categorical variables.
Results: 44% of the parents knew about the causes of dental caries, only 8.8% knew that brushing of child’s teeth should start immediately after eruption, only 33.9 % brushed twice daily, 14.7% used fluoridated toothpaste, 42.1% strongly disagreed with the fact that poor oral hygiene causes dental caries, 45.1 % disagreed with caring for the milk teeth to protect permanent teeth. Knowledge was associated with education and socioeconomic status.The prevalence of dental caries decreases with improved oral health practices. The prevalence of dental caries was 35.5%.
Conclusions: Parents had poor oral health-related knowledge, had negative attitude towards children’s oral health and performed incorrect oral health practices which were related to onset of early childhood caries among 3-5 years old preschool children in Rohtak city, India