Title: Presence of Caries in the Indigenous Communities of Chipas
Alma Calderón-Porras (Presenter)
Unuversidad de Montemorelos
Jany Jimenez-Del Valle, Unuversidad de Montemorelos
Zuzet Parra-Serrano, Unuversidad de Montemorelos
J. Ricardo Sosa-Martinez, Unuversidad de Montemorelos
Myriam De La Garza-Ramos, Unuversidad de Montemorelos
Hector Hernandez-Navarro, Unuversidad de Montemorelos
Objectives: To determine the Prevalence of dental caries in mixed dentition of patients of 1-16 years of age from the community of Silpetec located in the state of Chiapas using the criteria of ICDAS ll
Methods: Children who attended the health center of the community of Silpetec between the ages of 1 to 12 years (50 Children). Patients were examined according to the ICDAS (International Caries Assessment and Detection System) criteria as well as the consumption of sugars and brushing technique. Information was collected according to a previously prepared questionnaire where information about the caries consumption of sugars (fruits and candies) and daily brushing of each child.
Results: In the female population (n = 24) the average was of 7.87 carious pieces with a standard deviation ±4.75; of 2 (±1.5) pieces with intermediate caries; and 1.95 (±1.8) pieces with advanced caries.) In the male population (n = 26) the average was 5.96 carious pieces with a standard deviation of ±3.23, 1.11 (±1.14) parts with intermediate cavities; 4.6 (±3.34) parts with advanced caries. There is 59% of initial caries, 28% of advanced caries and 13% of intermediate caries. Regarding the associated factors, it was found that 64% of the population involved in the study consumes sugars in fruits and treats, 28% consume only fruit sugars, 6% refer not to consume sugars, while 2% consume sugars in the form of Candy. Another associated factor was the dental hygiene practiced, where it was reported that 48% of children brushed their teeth three times a day, 32% twice daily, 14% once a day, 4% four times a day and 2% do not practice tooth brushing , as well as the use of dental floss is null in that community.
Conclusions: The ICDAS II system is a new, useful and easy to apply criterion for a good evaluation of the qualitative clinical diagnosis. It was very interesting to note that in the Silpetec community, they have a minimum percentage of advanced caries. It is probably due to the intake of sugars mostly from fruit and daily hygiene, even when the conditions are not the most adequate, since they lack daily drinking water and medical personnel.